Bonding curves are cryptoeconomic token models that automate the relationship between price and supply. The tokens in this model are referred to as Continuous Tokens because their price is continuously calculated. In continuous token models, there is no ICO or token launch. Instead of pre-selling tokens during a launch phase, the tokens are minted continuously over time via an automated market maker contract. Tokens are minted when purchased as needed, in conjunction with demand, and used within the protocol or application when required or desired.
Continuous Tokens have other properties such as instant liquidity and deterministic price. Bonding curves act as an automated market maker such that token buyers and sellers have an instant market. Additionally, bonding curve models don’t have central authorities responsible for issuing the tokens. Instead, users can buy a project’s token through a smart contract platform. The cost to buy these tokens is determined by the supply of those tokens. Unlike traditional models, the cost of these tokens increases as the supply increases. This price is determined by a pre-existing algorithm, further described below. A fee of 1% is applied per trade with the bonding curve.
The Onomy Protocol token, NOM, is primarily distributed through a bonding curve contract deployed on the Ethereum Network that issues wrapped tokens (wNOM) that will be exchanged 1:1 with NOM on the Onomy Network. NOM is the functional utility token of the Onomy Network. An interface will be provided for this exchange, commonly referenced as "bridging" wNOM tokens from Ethereum and into the Onomy ecosystem for NOM. When bridged, wNOM is burned from the bonding curve, pushing prices higher, and supply is issued on the Onomy Network.
The following is the equation governing the bonding curve:
100,000,000 is the supply of wNOM loaded into the bonding curve. Supply is issued as it is purchased, thereby acting as a minting mechanism over time.
The bonding curve has many benefits as a way to distribute NOM:
Deterministic Price: The buy and sell prices of tokens increase and decrease with the number of tokens minted.
Continuous Price: The price of token n is less than token n+1 and more than n-1.
Instant Liquidity: Tokens can be bought or sold instantaneously at any time, with the bonding curve acting as an automated market maker. A bonding curve contract acts as the counterparty of the transaction and always holds enough ETH in reserve to buy tokens back.
Collateralization: In conjunction with the staking inflation curve, ETH acts as reserve backing of the NOM.
The Onomy Network Staking Curve carries a tight relationship with the Bonding Curve. The staking curve acts as a principal motivator for participants who purchased wNOM to bridge from Ethereum to the Onomy Network to capture the opportunity to earn staking rewards. NOM holders can either choose to become validators themselves, or delegate their NOM to a validator to earn staking rewards minus a validator fee.
The staking rewards incentivize wNOM on the bonding curve to bridge into NOM, thereby driving value into the Onomy Ecosystem. Once bridged, bonding curve participants formalize their entry into Onomy and relinquish the ability to sell back to the bonding curve. Liquidity thereby comes from the ONEX and anticipated exchange listings.
The bonding curve is perpetual until all 100M wNOM are issued. Thus, an arbitrage opportunity may appear from time to time as the NOM price on exchanges exceeds that of wNOM on the bonding curve. A potential arbitrager will purchase wNOM, bridge to NOM, and send to exchanges. This incentive will further drive positive feedback mechanisms driving value, community, and adoption of NOM, as more wNOM is minted at more valuable prices and then bridged.
Nothing in this post shall constitute or be construed as an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to purchase any securities. Nothing in this post shall be construed as investment advice, strategy, or investment recommendations by Onomy or any of its affiliates. This post is for informational purposes only.
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